Thursday, June 16, 2011

Timothy Leary archive sold to NY Library


On June 16, 2011 the New York Public Library announced that it has acquired the Timothy Leary archive for $900,000. The well organized, invaluable collection contains >335 well organized boxes equivalent to 412 linear feet of letters, manuscripts, research documents, notes, legal and financial records, printed materials, photographs, video and audio tapes, CDs and DVDs, posters and flyers, and artifacts, dating from Leary’s youth in the 1920s until his death in 1996.

William Stingone, curator of manuscripts at the library acknowledged Tim as one of the most influential figures of the 20th century and predicts the collection will help researchers get beyond the “myth making” around ’60s figures and “Hopefully we’ll be able to get to some of the truth of it here”. It will no doubt be of great resource for the recent resurgence of psychedelic research by Charlie Grob, Rick Strassman, Roland Griffiths and organizations such as Heffter Research Institute & MAPS.

The complete documentation from Leary’s early psychotropic drug experiments are in tact. Thomas Lannon, the library’s assistant curator for manuscripts and archives explained that much of the archive includes legitimate scientific research performed prior these substances being made illegal. Leary kept meticulous records at many points during his life. There are comprehensive research files, legal briefs, budgets and memos about the many institutes and organizations he founded, but there are also notes and documents from when he was on the run after escaping from a California prison with help from the Weather Underground. A folder labeled as notes from his “C.I.A. kidnapping” in 1973 is full of cryptic jottings recounting the details of his arrest in Afghanistan, at an airport in Kabul, after he fled the United States.

Partial list of items in the archive purchased from the Leary Estate include:

  • Thousands of letters to Leary, many from luminaries of the 1960s era, including Aldous and Laura Huxley, Gerald Heard, Alan Watts, Jack Kerouac, Allen Ginsberg, William S. Burroughs, Peter Orlovsky, Charles Olson, Arthur Koestler, Huston Smith, Walter Houston Clark, Walter Pahnke, Humphry Osmond, Al Hubbard, Oscar Janiger, Cary Grant, Charles Mingus, Maynard Ferguson, Michael Hollingshead , Robert Anton Wilson, Gordon Wasson, Ken Kesey and Augustus Owsley Stanley. Other correspondence is with his family – including letters to and from his mother, his wives and his children – as well as publishers, attorneys, politicians and his numerous adversaries, including G. Gordon Liddy and law enforcement figures from local sheriffs to Drug Enforcement Agency and Central Intelligence Agency operatives.
  • Professional and research papers, which will provide scholars a unique opportunity to study Leary’s clinical work from graduate school through his years at Millbrook, including hundreds of reports documenting the psilocybin-induced experiences Harvard graduate students and faculty, creative artists, prisoners at the Massachusetts State Prison at Concord, and theology students.
  • Files and correspondence detailing Leary’s experience at Harvard University, including his initial acceptance, the university’s eventual resistance to his research, his controversial research methods and his eventual dismissal. These files depict the evolution of Leary’s studies from rigorous, empirical research into more free-flowing, scientifically problematic exploration, as well as the promotion of psychedelics.
  • The complete records of the organizations Leary formed to continue his research after leaving Harvard, including the International Federation for Internal Freedom, Castalia Foundation and the League For Spiritual Discovery. These files, like those from Leary’s research at Harvard, include session reports, completed questionnaires, and letters describing the mushroom and LSD induced experiences of many notable cultural figures and Leary’s associates, such as Richard Alpert (Ram Dass) and Ralph Metzner. Letters among Leary and his research partners also document their turbulent and intense personal and professional relationships.
  • Extensive correspondence, legal briefs, prison writings, letters of support and petitions sent to and produced by the four Leary defense funds during his time in prison after his arrest in 1973. There are also materials connected to his exile period in Algeria and Switzerland, including correspondence, notebooks, statements, letters and manuscript material.
  • Copies of government documents, released to Leary under the Freedom of Information Act, pertaining to various agencies’ surveillance of Leary, as well as his arrest. Leary’s cooperation with the authorities, still considered by many as a betrayal of the counterculture, is also well documented.
  • Computer generated text, correspondence and material relating to the computer revolution, the Biosphere project, space colonies, cryogenics and more from his time in Los Angeles.
  • More than 300 videotapes and 300 audiotapes featuring Leary, including about 50 early lectures. A large portion of these tapes are noncommercial and probably represent the only copies in existence.
  • Manuscripts of published books and articles, as well as a substantial number of unpublished works, some book length. Scores of unpublished essays on a variety of subjects, unproduced movie scripts, fiction and poetry are also included.

The archive is currently sitting in a storage complex in Long Island, waiting to be sorted and processed over the next 18 - 24. It is my hope that it will soon be digitized for the world to access online similar to A portion of the sale is being donated back to finance the processing of the material. When Tim announced his illness, he attempted to comfort us by saying something to the effect of “I will live forever, spreading through the WWW like a virus corrupting the minds of young people.” It has been heart breaking to see his website dead all these years and will be awesome to see Leary’s wish come full circle. I believe letters of support to the New York Public Library are appropriate, they may be contacted HERE. A big thank you to all who helped make this happen!

Further information may be found at:
FREE Mp3 recordings are featured on the
Psychedelic Salon Podcast
NYT Article on
Timothy Leary Movie Archive


Daniel Williams said...

I had the good fortune to spend a long afternoon with Albert Hofmann and his wife Anita in their lovely Swiss home back in 2003. Albert and I agreed that, although Leary had his moments, he pretty much screwed the pooch on LSD. Leary made it all sound too easy, and didn't spend enough time explaining the importance of set and setting. Read more in my book, The Naked Turth About Drugs, which has jacket blurbs by both Albert Hofmann and Sasha Shulgin.

EROCx1 said...

Hi Daniel, thank you for commenting. I got to know Tim from 92 until his death; he was pure at heart and did a lot of good for the community. His instinct for being unjustly terminated from Harvard and losing his freedom was to fight back. He attempted to do this civilly through the courts using reason & logic which the people against him were not using. He had the immense courage to stand up and do what he felt was right.

What would Hofmann do if he was fired and arrested for exercising scientific & religious freedom? Would he lead a charge against the establishment in an attempt to preserve freedom? I love Hofmann and have nothing but appreciation & respect for all he has done. However blaming Tim for screwing the pooch for LSD is unfair. Hindsight is 20/20, remember Tim’s actions were all real time with his own welfare on the line. Regardless I am certain Hofmann would be thrilled that Tim’s work is being preserved for the public.
There is nothing we can do about the past, other than interpret it unbiasedly and accurately as possible. This archive will be extremely useful for this purpose. The future remains unwritten; use history to create a better world today. Thanks again, would love to read the text you mentioned if you could send it my way.


Spyder said...

I agree with EROCx1, when you're fighting for your life,you tend to make mistakes. Although, I'm glad that Tim 'screwed the pooch on LSD'. If he hadn't, most of the people who knock him,would probably never have done acid in their life! Tim had to get it mainstream; damn the consequences. Thank you,Albert, for discovering. Thank you,Tim, for disseminating.

JOQUEL said...

Thank you, Gentlemen. My eyes wide open at last. I will soon be asking for permission to share this site link. I was so young when Leary was rock'in but I always knew that someday I would be somehow involved with the legacy. Thanks to Eric for getting me here today. - Peace, Chloe

EROCx1 said...

Hello Chloe, thanks for visiting & for leaving a kind comment. Your welcome to share any of my work or links. In an interesting synchronicity, for many years I had a feeling I would somehow be involved with the legacy of Manly P Hall & am happy to help contribute to your efforts. What great teachers we had, it is now our time to teach. Pax ~E

Anonymous said...

In "Hoffman's Bicycle" one of the old Canadian LSD Researchers says something like "the way they treated him in the USA, what else could he do? He went at the Medical Establishment like a charging bull. He was bound to loose." For us kids, in the 60s his championing Individual Freedom was inspiring. He said/did some embarassingly dumb, as well as brilliant stuff. He never sent thousands of kids to die in wasteful wars as the Champions of Morality continue doing. I say Bless Tim Leary, and I was the Primate of Colorado in the Neo-American Church, often at odds with him.